a distributed VM management tool



In the minimega project, we vendor all of our dependencies to ensure that we build with specific versions of the dependencies every time on every machine. Vendoring dependencies also allows us to tweak dependencies as needed (e.g. bug fixes) without waiting for them to be resolved upstream.

We vendor dependencies in src/vendor which is supported in Go 1.6+.

Adding a new dependency

When you need to add a new dependency, there are a few things to consider:

  • Do we actually need to add a new dependency? If it is not too complicated functionality, we prefer to reimplement.
  • Does the dependency also have dependencies? Does a custom logging framework?
  • Does the dependency have a compatible license?

Ask the team if you are unsure -- it never hurts to get a second (or third) opinion.

To actually vendor a dependency:

  • Clone the dependency into the appropriate directory in src/vendor. Note that the path under src/vendor will become the import path. Copy existing conventions where possible (i.e. clone into src/vendor/
  • Check out a specific release of the dependency, if applicable. Some dependencies tag stable releases that should most likely be used instead of HEAD which may include untested or unstable code.
  • Run test cases -- we do not run these in a normal build so it is good to know that they passed when we were vendoring the dependency.
  • Record the latest git hash in src/vendor/versions so that we have a record of exactly what version of the dependencies you are vendoring.
  • Remove .git directory. (We do not use git submodules.)
  • Create a symbolic link in LICENSES/ that points to the new dependency's LICENSE. We use symbolic links so that we do not have to remember to recopy the LICENSE whenever we update the dependency.
  • Add and commit the new files.
  • Repeat for any nested dependencies.

Patching a dependency

Sometimes we find issues in our dependencies that are not resolved upstream. Rather than wait for upstream to patch, we simply patch the vendored files. These patches should be done as separate commits from the above process to add a new dependency so that we can reapply the patches if we update the dependency.

Updating a dependency

The easiest way to update a dependency is to remove the dependency from src/vendor and then follow the steps to add a new dependency. Git will figure out what has been added/changed/removed for you if you do not commit between removing the dependency directory and add the updated files. This only works with unpatched dependencies.

For patched dependencies, you must port the necessary patches to the new dependency code. Good luck.


The minimega authors

07 Feb 2017